UPSC IAS Prelims 2021 Solutions


1. Under the Indian Constitution, concentration of wealth violates

a. the Right to Equality

b. the Directive Principles of State Policy

c. the Right to Freedom

d. the Concept of Welfare


In Part IV (Directive Principles of State Policy) of the constitution, Article 39(c) says that, “the operation of the economic system does not result in the concentration of wealth and means of production to the common detriment.” From the above statement, we can say that concentration of wealth violates DPSP. So, option (B) is the correct answer.


2. What is the position of the Right to Property in India?

a. Legal right available to citizens only

b. Legal right available to any person

(c) Fundamental Right available to citizens only

(d) Neither Fundamental Right nor legal right


According to Article 300A of the Indian Constitution, “no person shall be deprived of his property save by authority of law.” Since, the article says that no person shall be deprived, so the statement, “legal rights are available to citizens only”, is incorrect.

Thus, option (a) is incorrect and option (b) is correct. This article was inserted in the Indian Constitution by 44th constitutional amendment. Before that, Right to property was a fundamental right under Article 31. Thus, option (c) is incorrect. As this right is mentioned in constitution, it is a constitutional and legal right. So, option (d) is incorrect.

3. What was the exact constitutional status of India on 26th January, 1950?

(a) A democratic Republic

(b) A Sovereign Democratic Republic

(c) A Sovereign Secular Democratic Republic

(d) A Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic


As the original preamble, during 26th January-1950, constitutional status of India was a “Sovereign Democratic Republic.” Later, with 42nd Constitutional Amendment two more words were added to constitutional status of India, i.e., “Socialist and Secular.”

Thus, option (b) is the correct answer.

4. Constitutional government means

(a) a representative government of a nation with federal structure

(b) a government whose Head enjoys nominal powers

(c) a government whose Head enjoys real powers

(d) a government limited by the terms of the Constitution


Constitutionalism is a doctrine in which a government’s authority is determined by a body of laws or constitution. Although constitutionalism or constitutional government is sometimes regarded as limited government. It is an effort to prevent arbitrary government. Hence, the government is limited by the terms of the constitution. So, option (d) is the correct answer.

5. With reference to India, the terms ‘Halbi, Ho and Kui’ pertain to

(a) dance forms of Northwest India

(b) musical instruments

(c) pre-historic cave paintings

(d) tribal languages


Some of the popular languages spoken by the tribes of India are as follows: Bhatri, Bhilli, Halbi, Ho, Kui etc. Halabi is spoken by over 5.25 Lakh people in the states of Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. It belongs to the group of Indo Aryan Tribal languages. Important Dravidian Tribal languages are Kolami, Kui, Konda, Koya, Gondi, Oraon/Kurukh, Parji. Hence option (d) is the correct answer.

6. Consider the following statements in respect of Bharat Ratna and Padma Awards:

  1. Bharat Ratna and Padma Awards are titles under the Article 18(1) of the Constitution of India.
  2. Padma Awards, which were instituted in the year 1954, were suspended only once.
  3. The number of Bharat Ratna Awards is restricted to a maximum of five in a particular year.

Which of the above statements are not correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3


Statement 1 is not correct: Bharat Ratna, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri “do not amount to titles within the meaning of Article 18(1) of the Constitution and thus are not to be used as prefixes or suffixes to the name of the recipient in any manner whatsoever”.

Statement 2 is not correct: Padma Awards, which were instituted in the year 1954, is announced every year on the occasion of Republic Day except for brief interruption(s) during the years 1978 and 1979 and 1993 to 1997.

Statement 3 is not correct: Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award of the country. It is awarded in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order in any field of human endeavour. It is treated on a different footing from Padma Award. The recommendations for Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President of India. No formal recommendations for Bharat Ratna are necessary. The number of Bharat Ratna Awards is restricted to a maximum of three in a particular year. Government has conferred Bharat Ratna Award on 45 persons till date.


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